Ramesses II (also known as Ramesses the Great or Ozymandias), son of Seti I and Merenptah was a pharaoh between 1279-1213 BC from the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt. He is often regarded as the greatest and long-lived ruler of ancient Egypt, known for architecture boom and countless statues of gods built during his age. During 91 years of his life, he became father of approx. 50 daughters and 100 sons.

In 1974, more over 1000 years after death, he was forced to visit a passport office. The reason was a threat to the mummy caused by a fungus attack, which could destroy the mummy. In order to save the precious artifact, he was supposed to be transported to a research institute in Paris. The problem was urgent, but according to French legislation, anyone (including dead person) is obliged to have a valid travel document.

To avoid unnecessary bureaucracy, Egyptian passport office issued a passport to Ramesses II. In ‘Profession’ field ‘King (deceased)’ was given, in ‘Nationality’ – ‘Egyptian’ and in the reason for transporting – ‘sudden illness’. After the mummy’s arrival to Paris, a honorable royal feast was held.

The researchers made all needed work to save the mummy and gave it back to Arab Republic of Egypt authorities.

For now Ramesses II is the only pharaoh with valid foreign passport.

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